The population of the borough is over 75,000 and the town itself has a population of more than 49,000.
Shopping facilities in Wellingborough are amply catered for at the Swansgate Shopping Centre, Castlefields Retail Park, various supermarkets and a traditional open air market.
Leisure facilities include the Redwell Leisure Centre and Weandel Leisure Centre with swimming pool, a golf course, indoor bowling and the Castle Theatre that caters for the arts. Schooling is provided on a two tier system with several primary and secondary schools in the area. The town boasts one of the best known independent schools in the Midlands, Wellingborough School. Tresham Institute offers further education.
The town has a main line rail line which gives access to London St Pancras International in less than an hour and onward into Europe via Eurostar.
Originally called Wendelingburgh after a 6th Century Saxon leader Waendel, the town is the only one in the borough and takes now its historic name from five springs (or wells) Red Well, White Well, Stan Well, Burymoor Well and Rising Sun Well.
Early trades such as brewing, spinning, weaving and pillow lacemaking were widespread but declined and disappeared leaving boot making the main industry in the mid 1800's. An industrial Railway line corridor emerged with two blast furnaces, brickworks, engineering plants, ironstone quarries and flour mills. After the war the town expanded dramatically with an influx of people from London and other cities.
The boot and shoe industry was particular strong over the last century but this has now virtually disappeared leaving various manufacturing industries and warehousing & distribution as the most common businesses today. The east side of the town is due to undergo a huge expansion with at least 4,000 new homes planned, a rail freight terminal, a retail park and business parks.